I've told you the classification of Noun and verb in the previous post. still talking with part of speech. now i'd like to tell you the classification of adjective. Adjectives are descriptive words. An adjective is a word which qualifies a noun, that is, shows or points out some distinguishing mark or feature of the noun (Eastwood, 2009:111). To take as examples are a black bird - an angry man - a round theatre.
Frank (1990:109) divides kinds of adjective into two, determiner and descriptive adjective. Coming to the first kind of adjective, determiner is also be named as limiting adjective as it functions to limit the explained noun. Frank (1990: 109) states determiners consist of a small group of structure words without characteristic form. Further, Frank subdivides determiners into six categories. Below are the subdivisions of determiners and the example of each:
1. Article : the, a, an
2. Demonstrative adjectives : this, that, these, those, there, here
3. Possessive adjectives
- From pronouns : my, your, one’s, their
- From nouns : John’s, the girl’s
4. Numeral adjectives
- Numeral : four, twenty-five, one hundred
- Cardinal :fourth, twenty-fifth, one hundredth
5. Adjective of indefinite quantities : some, few, all, more
6. Relative an interrogative adjective : whose, what, which
Frank (1990:110) mentions that the next adjective is descriptive adjective. This descriptive adjective is very different from the previous one, as Frank (1990: 110) states that descriptive adjectives usually indicate an inherent quality e.g. beautiful, intelligent, or a physical state such as age, size, and colour (seven years old, large (L), blue). Inflectional and derivational endings can be added only to this type of adjectives.
Based on the statement above, there is an elaboration that all adjectives words stand for quality, physical condition as age, size and colours mentioned as descriptive adjective. While determiner is impossible to get any inflectional and derivational endings, descriptive adjective is very common to get such affixes.
The sexy girl went for a walk.
The sexiest girl went for a walk.
Frank also mentions the subdivisions of descriptive adjective:
1. Proper Adjectives: a Catholic church, a French dish, a Shakespearian play.
2. Participial Adjectives
- Present participle: an interesting book, a disappointing experience, a charming view.
- Past participle: a bored student, a worn tablecloth, a tired housewife, a spoiled child.
3. Adjective Compounds
- With participles: a good-looking girl, a heart-breaking story, a long-suffering widow.
- With -ed added to nouns: absent-minded, ill-tempered, tear-stained, far-sighted.
An adjective is a word which qualifies a noun, that is, it shows or points out some distinguishing mark or feature of the noun; as, a white horse. Adjectives have three forms called degrees of comparison:
1. The positive. The positive adjective is the simple form of the adjective without expressing increase or diminution of the original quality: nice. Adjectives expressive of properties or circumstances which cannot be increased have only the positive form, e. g. a circular road, an extreme measure. An adjective is also in the positive form when it does not express comparison; as, "A rich man." Adjectives of two or more syllables are generally compared by prefixing more and most, e.g. Paris is the most romantic city in the world.
2. The comparative. The comparative adjective is that form of the adjective which expresses increase or diminution of the quality: nicer. Examples are older than or more expensive than or bigger than or faster than or taller than etc. Adjectives are compared in two ways, either by adding “er” to the positive to form the comparative and “est” to the positive to form the superlative. The following adjectives are exceptions to this rule (irregular): bad becomes worse or worst, good becomes better or best. Comparative adjectives are also formed by prefixing more to the positive for the comparative and most to the positive for the superlative; handsome, handsomer, handsomest or handsome, more handsome, most handsome.The superlative. The superlative adjective is that form which expresses the greatest increase or diminution of the quality: nicest. An adjective is in the superlative form when it expresses a comparison between one and a number of individuals taken separately; "John is the richest man in Boston.”
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